Addition to 10 Activities for First Grade

After we build a good foundation in Number Sense Guided Math Unit One, we move onto Unit Two Addition to 10. This unit gives students various strategies to add two numbers with a sum of up to 10. We all learn in different ways and have our favorite strategies to use. Therefore, I feel it is important to expose them to different ways to add and let them choose their favorite when working independently. We learn the cross-off method, ten-frames, number bonds, number line, and use manipulatives.

My guided math lessons follow the acronym, MASTER. You can read more about that in my previous blog post, “Guided Math Using the MASTER Math Curriculum.” Each letter stands for a component in the math lesson:

A=apply skills
S=small group

Today I’m going to share with you the different parts of my Addition to 10 Unit. Each day we meet and go over some digital slides to introduce the topic. They are learning slides as well as what they will be completing in rotations. After our whole group mini lesson, we begin Master Math.

addition to 10 activities for first grade


During manipulatives, students are moving things with their hands to learn. In this unit, we use two different color sets of linking cubes to find different combinations. We use dry erase templates with domino cards to create number bonds. I created number lines and addition cards that they can manipulate to solve addition problems. There are also puzzles and sorts they can work together to solve. This part of math is always fun because they can work quietly together to solve problems.

Apply Skills

When we apply skills, we take what we know and play a game. For this Addition to 10 Unit, we play bingo, coverall board, domino top it, spin to make ten, roll a number bond, and roll and move gameboard. Playing games not only helps build their math skills but also works on collaboration and life skills. I suggest moving this math rotation away from the small group where you will be working as games can be slightly noisy.

Small Group

During this rotation, I work with 4-5 children at a time to practice these skills using paper and pencil. It is the perfect opportunity to see who is grasping the concept and who needs more support. I have a pad of sticky notes with me during my rotations every day so I can jot anecdotal notes and add them to their individual record keeping folder.


Well as we all know, technology is essential these days. Kids love it too and it is all about reaching different learners. I included both Google Slide and Boom Activities in my units. I know not everyone wants to pay for a Boom Membership and some prefer Google. Personally, I prefer Boom because it’s self-grading and gives me a report on their progress. In this unit, they add number bonds, make ten, add with a number line, solve number stories, follow number patterns, and work on the commutative property.


I have an enrichment station open where students can go if they complete their activity and want to challenge themselves. Children are working on the same skills but at a more advanced level. Many are open-ended with the opportunity for all children to work on them. One example in this unit is a sheet of blank number bonds that have three circles that make a sum. The children can put any three numbers they choose and find the sum of three digits rather than two.


We review every day so children who didn’t grasp concepts the first time have ample opportunity to practice. This center is independent and done without teacher support. A lot of times, you may notice that my worksheets in the review are green. I like to color code them for organizational purposes. Students quickly learn that green means review.

At the end of each unit, there is an assessment. Since we don’t do rotations on assessment day, I have created a fun cumulative craft for the themes. In this unit, we make robots with number stories on the belly. You can use a variety of colors for your robots or just keep them gray.

There are so many other components in this unit from lesson plans, assessment recording sheets, “I can” posters, binder covers, and book suggestions, I am confident your students will love this unit as much as mine do!

Here is what a few people had to see about Addition to 10 Guided Master Math Unit 2:

“I absolutely love this math unit! It provides so many resource for myself and my students. I highly recommend using this MASTER math unit with you students.”

“I love the acronym! This makes planning for my math block so easy! I love the themes that go along with each unit!”

“I have purchased a few of these Master Math units and they have been the most AMAZING resources for my first graders. I have truly seen a huge improvement in their learning, and this is helping my students make better connections in math to better their understanding!“

addition to 10 activities for first grade


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I’m Megan, a first grade teacher and a mother to 7 amazing children. I love to create and collaborate with teachers. When I’m not teaching, I love spending time with my family, baking and playing tennis.

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